is it good for medical
vast territory of Argentina has great tourist attractions. The valuation of the local currency after the
devaluation in 2002 encouraged the arrival of large numbers of foreign tourists,
making the country commercially more accessible.
Buenos Aires highlights
itself as the most visited destiny. Visitors are attracted by its cosmopolitanism.
Cataratas del Iguazú (Iguazú Falls) is another main
attraction center, declared a
Natural Heritage Site by Unesco in 1984, the river fall complements itself with
the natural subtropical forest that surround it.
The country is also
has a vast amount of mountains, lakes, puna, glaciers and beaches.
Demographics, population and culture
Most of Argentineans live either in the Federal District or in the Gran Buenos
Aires, the urban belt that surrounds it. This location concentrates up to 33%
of the population, in just a 0,14% of the national territory.
some other densely populated areas, they are: Gran Córdoba, Gran Rosario, Gran
Mendoza y Gran San Miguel de Tucumán.
In 2001 census, Argentina had a
population of 37,282,970 habitants. This ranked Argentina as the third most
populated country in Latin America and the 33rd in the world. It estimated that the
population in 2009 grew up to 40,134,425.
The population growth rate is
declining. In the 1980-1991 period was of 1,47% and in the 1991 – 2001 period
The percentage of senior citizens in Argentina is way above the
world average, and is only overtaken in the region by Cuba and Uruguay.
Argentina's population has long had one of Latin America's lowest population
growth rates (recently, about one percent a year), and it also enjoys a
comparatively low infant mortality rate.
The birth rate is of 2.3
children per women, just a little above the replacement rate
Argentina is considered a country of immigrants. Over 6,000,000
European´s emigrated to Argentina in the period 1850-1950. Argentina was second
only to the United States in the number of European immigrants it received, and at
the time, the national population doubled every two decades mostly as a
The majority of these European immigrants came from Italy and Spain.
There were also lots of immigrants from France, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark,
Sweden, Ireland, Greece, Portugal and the United Kingdom.
Lots of people
from Eastern Europe also arrived the country: Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Hungary,
Croatia, Romania, and Slovenia. Nowadays, and for the first time in history,
Latin-American immigration is stronger than overseas.
There is, also, a
large Jewish community in the country, the 5th largest in the
Although the Constitution guarantees freedom of religion, the
Argentinean State recognises the preeminent character of the Catholic
88% of Argentineans have been baptised, but just between a 75%
and a 78% consider themselves as practicing. 12% belong to other Christians
churches, another 12% is for agnostic people, 1.5% are Muslims, 1%
Argentine culture has significant European influences. The other
big influence is the gauchos and their traditional country lifestyle of
self-reliance. Finally, indigenous American traditions (like yerba mate
infusions) have been absorbed into the general cultural
Argentina´s literature is enriching and posses the most active
publishing industry in the region.
Some of the most notable writers
include: José Hernández, Ricardo Güiraldes, Jorge Luis Borges, Adolfo Bioy
Casares, Julio Cortazar, Leopoldo Lugones, Victoria Ocampo, Manuel Puig,
Leopoldo Marechal, Ernesto Sábato.
Argentina is also a major producer of
motion pictures, producing 80 films every year. Two movies won Academy Award for
Best Foreign Film (The Official Story and The Secret in Their Eyes). BAFICI and
Mar del Plata Film Festival are two world large recognised cinema
The country is also known for being the birthplace of the Tango.
Astor Piazzola and Carlos Gardel are the most recognisable emblems.
folk are spread all over the country, with different styles corresponding to
each region (zambas, cuecas, chacareras, chamarritas,
Argentines enjoy a wide variety of indigenous creations, which
includes: empanadas, locro, humitas and yerba mate (considered Argentina's
national beverage). Other popular items include chorizo, and Dulce de Leche, a
sort of milk caramel jam.
Although Argentinean national sport is Pato,
the most popular sport is football. The national team won 2 FIFA World Cup, 2
Olympic Gold Medals and 14 Copa Americas.
Basketball is also played widely. With Olympic Gold in 2004 and recent World Cups, the International
Basketball Federation ranked first the Argentinean team.
National Rugby Team, Los Pumas, are ranked 6th in the International Federation;
Las Leonas (female field hockey) achieved numerous golden medals, and a big
number of Argentinean tennis players are ranked in the ATP.
Argentina has abundant
natural resources, a well-educated population, an export-oriented agricultural
sector and a relatively diversified industrial base. Domestic instability and
global trends, however, contributed to Argentina's decline from its noteworthy
position as the world's 10th wealthiest nation per capita in 1913 to that of an
upper-middle income economy.
The unemployment rate reached in 2009 the
8,5%. The poverty rate was of 13,2% and the indigence rate of 3,5
% in 2009. It
is the third economic power in America Latina (only after Mexico and Brasil).
GDP per capita is the highest in Latin America (14,561 USD).
external debt reaches 120,000 million dollars, a 38,7% of the national
The best places to visit
Best places to
visit include: Buenos Aires (Federal District), Iguazú Falls, Perito Moreno and
Upsalla glaciars, the Quebrada de Humauaca, Valle de la Luna, Bariloche, Mar del
Plata, the Atlantic Cost, Península de Valdés, the Rutas del Vino, Aconcagua
Mount, Córdoba, Esteros del Iberá and Ruinas de San Ignacio.